A herding instinct is a behavioral trait bred into the Border Collie over several hundred years.
The Border Collie’s herding style is gathering/fetching and it herds by circling livestock and bringing it back to its handler.
A Border Collie tends not to use force initially, but when non-physical methods of moving stock don’t work, the Border Collie will escalate to increased force – barking, nipping, and eventually gripping and biting in its attempts to manage stubborn livestock.
The Border Collie’s herding abilities are amazing. View the video of Border Collies at work below.